Map of malaga, malaga map
With its long coast bathed by the Mediterranean and its strategic
proximity to the north of Africa, the history Malaga is one of repeated
conquests and colonisation by peoples from other continents.
The first to arrive were the Phoenicians, who founded city-factories
(Málaka). Later the Greeks came (the foundation of Mainaké in 700
BC) and afterwards, the Romans, under whom the city of Malaca reached
its moment of maximum splendour.
After the Byzantines -starting in 552- came the Visigoths (Leovigildo
conquered Malaga in the year 570) and finally the Arabs, who introduced
new farming techniques and crops, previously unknown in the province.
The arrival of the Catholic Kings led to the conquest of the Malaga
in 1487 and the end of the so-called Reconquest. In the following
centuries the city entered into a period of crisis, worsened by
major natural catastrophes, epidemics and bad harvests.
The city did not begin to recover until the 18th century, when economic
activity was bolstered as a result of the creation of different
cultural and scientific entities, such as the Sociedad de Amigos
del País, Montepío de Viñeros, and Consulado del Mar.
Around the middle of the 19th century, Malaga experienced a great
surge in its commercial and industrial activity with the creation
of sugar refineries, textile factories, wineries, shipyards and
the first blast furnaces.
Starting in the 1990's, the province of Malaga started to become
famous internationally as the Costa del Sol, and at present is one
of the main holiday destinations of the world.
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